Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology is study of the human body in general, there are two broad fields that must be studied and understood. Those two important fields are:



Now let’s talk about each of these two topics.

What is Anatomy?

The term anatomy comes first when someone talks about the study and understanding of the human body and medical sciences. The term anatomy is ana and for me, that means until the cutting process, respectively. In short, anatomy means the study of all body structures. In the past, the study of anatomy, different parts of the body are used dissecting and cutting them, but today due to the development of sophisticated technology by the science of technology. X-rays, MRI, CT scan, etc. They’re available.

What is Physiology?

Physiology on how to do different things in the body. If we dissect the term physiology, then we can discover that the term physiology is formed by two words physio and logic, where physio means nature and logic means study. Therefore, we can say that physiology means the functional nature of the human body.

To study anatomy and physiology in more detail, there are some terms that we must know for the basic understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the human body.

Surface anatomy: The anatomy or landmarks in the human body that is studied by visualization of palpation is called surface anatomy.

Gross Anatomy: The anatomy of the body other than histology is called macroscopic anatomy. In other words, we can say that the anatomy of the body can be studied without the use of a microscope.

Systemic Anatomy: The anatomy of the body according to the different systems of the body is known as systemic anatomy. For example, the anatomy of the digestive system, the excretory system, the respiratory system, the reproductive system, etc.

Regional anatomy: the anatomy of the body according to the different regions of the body, such as the head and neck region, the chest region, etc.

Pathological Anatomy: The anatomy of the body is known as pathological anatomy.

Radiographic Anatomy: The study of the body that is studied with the help of radiation and images is called radiographic anatomy.

Embryology: Embryology deals with the study of the structure that arises between the period of fertilization of the egg and the eighteenth week before delivery.

Developmental biology: the biology of an organism from the moment of fertilization of the ovule and until its adult form is called developmental biology.

Neurophysiology: Neurophysiology means the functions of the nervous system and the cell associated with it.
Endocrinology: the study of the different types of hormones and chemicals in the body.

Immunology: the study of the ways in which the body protects itself or defends itself from the causative factors of the disease.
Pathophysiology: The study associated with the change in the body’s work mechanisms due to the disease is known as pathophysiology.

Cardiovascular physiology: Cardiovascular physiology is the study of the cardiovascular system, which specifically addresses the physiology of the heart (“cardio”) and blood vessels (“vascular”). Although the different aspects of cardiovascular physiology are closely related, the subject is still divided into several sub-themes.

Respiratory physiology: The organs of the respiratory system ensure that oxygen enters our bodies and carbon dioxide leaves our bodies. The respiratory tract is the air route from the nose to the lungs. It is divided into two sections: upper respiratory tract and lower respiratory tract.

Renal physiology: The kidney plays a key role in both processes. The renal bicarbonate recovery process prevents the loss of bicarbonate in the urine and, therefore, maintains the plasma levels of a substrate that is essential to prevent pH fluctuations minute by minute.

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